In many ways, the Myans and Aztecs were more advanced than their European contemporaries, especially in such spheres as astronomy, mathematics, and city organization. Upon seeing the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan, for the first time, Spanish explorer Bernal Diaz del Castillo was awed by its beauty and confessed he had never seen a city in Spain that could match it. However, Diaz del Castillo's arrival coincided with that of Hernan Cortes, the Spanish conqueror of Mexico who captured the Aztec capital in 1521. Mexico's struggle, and eventual success, through the subsequent years to become an independent country is chronicled in the second edition of Historical Dictionary of Mexico. It covers the history of Mexico from its great Indian civilizations to the controversial election of Felipe Calderon in 2006. This is done through a detailed chronology, an introduction, a map, a bibliography, and hundreds of cross referenced dictionary entries on some of the more significant persons, places, and events; institutions and organizations; and political, economic, social, cultural, and religious facets.
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