With its initial publication in 1978, the Encyclopedia Of Bioethics became the first reference to focus solely on a then burgeoning field, in effect helping to define the discipline. Both the first and second (1995) editions won the Dartmouth Medal, and the set remains the standard reference on bioethics for teachers, students, and those in related fields of health care, philosophy, environmentalism, law, and religious studies. The fourth edition offers hundreds of revisions or addenda to entries from previous editions as well as over 100 new or rewritten entries on topics such as key cases in bioethics, the human biome, genetically modified foods, emergency preparedness and response, social justice, sustainability, chemical warfare and torture, among many others. Revised articles will explain the events as well as legislation changes of the past decade. The work is also being expanded to include views of nations and cultures other than the United States on such issues as abortion, medical triage, social responsibility, access to health care, stem cell research, etc.
"This third edition features 448 articles, of which 120 are new and approximately 200 have been revised (by their original author, when possible). New bibliographies have been added to most of the remaining articles. New sections address issues of posthumanism (or transhumanism) and business ethics, with discussion of topics that include cybernetics, cloning, human dignity, embryonic stem cell research, nanotechnology, anti-aging interventions, health services management ethics, and managed care, among other subjects. In other sections, new topics include include bioterrorism, immigration, artificial nutrition and hydration, dementia, and rights of conscience. A substantial two-part article discusses the history and ethics of alternative medicine, and several articles are included on religious approaches, including religious aspects of circumcision, Mormonism and bioethics, and the Jehovah's Witness refusal of blood products. The signed entries begin with a history of the topic, when appropriate, and include cross-references and a bibliography. Volume 5 is notable for its appendices, which include primary documents, numerous bibliographies, and a list of additional resources."
-- Reference & Research Book News March 2004
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