In the early twentieth century a considerable number of pregnant women died as a result of hemorrhage, sepsis and eclampsia and eclampsia. In recent decades, maternal mortality has declined largely due to the implementation of education programs, prenatal care, hospital treatment and family planning activities. In Mexico, although it has declined in recent years, is at least 10 times higher than in developed countries. This alarming fact is explained by a variety of sociocultural, political and economic aspects more related to the quality of medical services. In the area of medicine emphasizes the need for health personnel to know the statistics, physiology, pathophysiology of conditions that trigger maternal mortality, and by metonymy to highlight the importance of accurate diagnosis that leads to the critical patient to receive treatment in a multidisciplinary intensive care unit. Diseases during pregnancy and childbirth remain in developing countries the main causes of death, disease and disability among women of reproductive age. Over 300 million women in these countries suffer from diseases related to pregnancy or childbirth, and 530 000 die each year.
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