In the last decade, law enforcement's ability to counter the illegal activities of gangs has improved dramatically. But the problem of gangs is growing more complex -- and more globalized. With an increasingly diverse membership estimated in the millions worldwide, a number of today's gangs bear a closer resemblance to criminal business empires than to the stereotypical "hoods on the street corner" image.
Gangs: A Reference Handbook, Second Edition offers an eye-opening look at modern gangs -- their history, their ability to attract members from a widening social pool, as well as efforts by community and political leaders to stop gang-related crime and weaken the grip that gangs have on our culture.
This timely update shows that while genuine progress has been made, the world of gangs is evolving in fascinating and dangerous ways. The second edition features a wealth of new information, new statistical data, and new insights into the ways gangs operate in cities large and small. It also offers expanded coverage of gangs specific to other countries as well as those that have become genuinely international in nature.
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