1921 in Washington, D.C., by representatives of 17 national peace organizations to serve as a clearinghouse for peace organizations. During its existence the Council advocated worldwide reduction of armaments by international agreement, progressive world organization, and worldwide education for peace. It operated in every state and distributed peace information to 32 affiliated national organizations.
The NCPW reached its peak in 1936 when its publication Peace Action reached a circulation of 25,000 and the newspaper American Mercury called it the most effective peace agency in America today. As World War II approached, the NCPW supported neutrality legislation, a war referen- dum, and the Keep America Out of War campaign. The NCPW played a role in post-war issues such as War Crimes Trials, confiscation of private property held by Japanese and German Americans, and aid to displaced persons.
This collection traces the activities of the NCPW and provides invaluable information on its executive secretary, Frederick J. Libby.
Included in the collection are minutes of the Executive Board, minutes of annual meetings, financial records, and correspondence, as well as departmental and branch office records and NCPW-published material, including complete files of the News Bulletin (1921-1934) and Peace Action (1934-1968). Correspondents include Emily Greene Balch, Roger N. Baldwin, and John Nevin Sayre. A Subject and Special Project File contains a variety of material that documents the NCPW's specific endeavors.
Documenting the pinnacle of the peace movement in the first half of the twentieth century, this resource offers a good overview of peace efforts in the United States and traces the creation, rise, and fall of this most prominent metaorganization.