Massachusetts Peace Society Records, 1816-1838
The records of the Massachusetts Peace Society are an exceptional resource offering a view of the genesis of peace societies in America.
Organized by Noah Worcester in 1815, the Massachusetts Peace Society became the most significant peace group created until the establishment of the American Peace Society in 1828. This group combined pacifism with Christian teaching and served as a model for other early New England peace societies. Many of its members were clergy. Membership reached a high of 633, but declined after Noah Worcester retired in 1828. The Massachusetts Peace Society helped organize the American Peace Society and eventually merged with it in 1845.
This collection is composed of correspondence, addresses, annual reports, circular letters, membership rosters, and two Massachusetts Senate documents.
Massachusetts Peace Society Archives,
Founded in 1911 as a branch of the American Peace Society, this organization remained active through the conclusion of World War I. This group is unrelated to the Massachusetts Peace Society that operated from 1815-1845. During its existence, the Society became divided between the concept of enforced peace promoted by the League of Nations and a more purely pacifist ideology. This collection includes correspondence, minutes, and publications. Among the correspondence are letters of Emily Greene Balch. These records offer a fascinating case study of the ideological problems facing a peace society in the World War I era.
Number of rolls: 11