Island, in 1866. This militant peace group was organized in reaction to the compromising tactics the American Peace Society displayed during the Civil War. Its leaders included Alfred H. Love, Lucretia Mott, Joshua P. Blanshard, Adin Ballou, and Henry C. Wright.
The UPU worked for total and immediate disarmament and a treaty for peace among nations, arbitrated through an international court. It denounced imperialism, compulsory military training, memorials and war demonstrations, war taxes, capital punishment, the spread of white imperialism in Africa, exclusion of Asian immigration, and denial of Native American rights. In the course of time, more than 40 branch peace societies were affiliated with the UPU.
The Union opposed the aggressive policy of the Grant administration toward Santo Domingo and Cuba. The UPU's attempts to avert war with Spain drew public anger. The Union's office was thrown out of Independence Hall, and the groups president, Alfred Love, was burned in effigy. This peace organization actively promoted women's rights. Over 50 percent of UPU members were women, serving equally with men on all executive and working committees. The Union was also involved in settling the 1880 labor dispute between the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and the Reading Railroad management. Alfred Love served as the arbitrator in this dispute. This collection includes correspondence, minutes, financial records, memorabilia, Alfred Love's diaries, and periodicals produced by the UPU, including Bond of Peace, Voice of Peace, Leaflets of Peace for Children, and The Peacemaker.
This is a valuable resource for researching rights of minority groups and women during Reconstruction as well as surveying the domestic situation leading up to the Spanish- American War.