From the Russian State Archive of the Economy (RGAE)
From 1917 to 1929 statistical observation in the Soviet Union was undertaken by the Russian zemstvo--local councils of self-government dating from the mid-19th century. Late 19th and early 20th century Russia had a predominantly peasant population and zemstvo statistics dealt mostly with the peasant farm and its productive and social evolution.
In 1919 and 1920 statistical data on dynamics programs began to be collected. The practical identification of rural "clusters" or micro districts that is, a group of small villages, a large village or sometimes an entire township was started during the peasant farm censuses of 1919 and 1920. From 1920 onward, special materials on dynamic clusters were deposited in the Central Statistical Administration.
In 1921 and 1922 famine and heavy population migration affected the dynamic cluster surveys. The years 1923-1926 saw a great deal of valuable statistical data collected as more cluster surveys were conducted. The files, all in the original Cyrillic, contain the following information for the years 1920-1924 and 1926 (the documents of 1925 have not been found) together with selected information from 1927, 1928 and 1929.
This publication offers an unprecedented opportunity for scholars in social and economic history, political science and sociology, demography and geography to study the social development of the early Soviet period.
The Russian Peasantry on the Eve of Collectivization:
The Dynamic (Cluster) Censuses of Peasant Farms, 1920-1929: 278 reels
1920 (26 reels)
1921 (37 reels)
1922 (29 reels)
1923 (36 reels)
1926 (19 reels)
1927 (72 reels)
1928 (10 reels)
1929 (13 reels)
Index (1 reel)