Educators have frequently found themselves embroiled in legal issues. Historic court battles have been fought over segregation, busing, the teaching of evolution and the use of prayer in school. However, today’s teachers and administrators may encounter a wide array of legal questions in the course of their career. Ability grouping, bilingual education and charter schools have all been challenged on the basis of educational access and equity. Many parents have resisted compulsory school attendance, mandatory vaccinations and selected areas of instruction. Teachers are expected to watch for signs of bullying, child abuse, sexual harassment, suicidal tendencies and a host of student welfare issues beyond the curriculum. At the same time, they may face encroachments on academic freedom, privacy and due process. School administrators and district officials must deal with collective bargaining, disability issues, homeschooling and rules governing athletics. This new encyclopedia serves as an overview of legal issues in public education. Its intended audience includes students of education as well as practicing teachers, administrators and officials. The 471 expert–written articles provide historic and contemporary perspectives on the development of education law in the United States. Nearly half the entries focus on precedent–setting court cases that have defined everything from the implementation of desegregation and Affirmative Action to the use of dress codes or the internet in public schools. Others examine the impact of legislation like No Child Left Behind. Selected biographies illuminate the influence of individual Supreme Court justices. Related legal and educational concepts are defined. The rights of teachers, students and parents are examined. Also explored are issues of personal freedom, special education for the disabled and state aid to religious schools. Most entries provide cross references and suggestions for further reading. However, the detailed subject index is especially well-organized for identifying related discussions. This useful survey is recommended for academic and public libraries.