Events in Hispanic American History, 1876 – 1900
A Cuban independence movement is forcefully put down by Spanish
In Cuba, slavery is abolished by Spain in a gradual program that
takes eight years. The influx of new European immigrants has made Cuba
more heterogeneous, leading to the social diversity that is still apparent
Mexican immigration to the United States is stimulated by the advent of
The Partido Revolucionario Cubano is created to organize the
Cuban and Puerto Rican independence movement.
The Alianza Hispano Americana is founded in Tucson, Arizona, and
quickly spreads throughout the Southwest.
José Martí and his Cuban Revolutionary Party (PRC) open the
final battle for independence.
A Revolutionary Junta is formed in New York to lead the Puerto
Rican independence movement.
Spain grants Cuba and Puerto Rico autonomy and home rule.
The USS Maine mysteriously explodes in Havana
Harbor. On April 28, President William McKinley declares war against
May. The U.S. military invades San Juan in pursuit of Spaniards,
and is welcomed by the cheering crowds, longing for independence.
December 10. Spain signs the Treaty of Paris, transferring Cuba,
Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States.
The Foraker Act establishes a civilian government in Puerto Rico under
U.S. dominance. The law allows for islanders to elect their own House of
Representatives, but does not allow Puerto Rico a vote in Washington.
Almanac, Gale, 1997.