Events in Hispanic American History, 1701 – 1800
English and French slave trading companies secure permission to
bring African slaves into Spanish lands in the Americas.
The San Antonio de Béjar and de Valero churches are built where the
city of San Antonio is located today.
The first free black community in what became the mainland United
States was established at Fort Mose in Spanish Florida.
Captain Blas Maria de la Garza Falcón obtains a grant to 975,000
acres of land in Texas. In time, this ranch will become the King Ranch,
the largest cattle ranch in the United States. Large-scale ranching in
Texas has begun.
In the peace treaty after the Seven Years' War (1756-1763), France
cedes claims to American holdings. Britain gains Canada and all of the
French territories east of the Mississippi, and also receives Florida from
Spain. France gives Louisiana and its lands west of the Mississippi to
Spain to keep them out of British hands. Overnight, New Spain's territory
King Charles III expels the Jesuits from the Spanish Empire. With
the Jesuits gone, the Franciscans become the primary missionaries in
September 17. The presidio of San Francisco is founded, becoming
Spain's northernmost frontier outpost.
Franciscan missionary Junípero de Serra
establishes the first mission of Alta California in what would become San
Diego. Serra eventually founded ten missions, traveled more than 10,000
miles, and converted close to 6,800 natives.
At least 50,000 African slaves are brought to Cuba to work in
Pedro de Garcés, a Spanish Franciscan missionary, founds the
first overland route to California.
Anglo-Americans declare their independence from England The
thirteen former British colonies come to be known as the United States of
America in 1781.
Spain regains Florida.
Hispanic settlements begin to thrive in Pimería Alta
(California). At one point as many as 1,000 Hispanics live in the Santa
The Alien Act of 1798 grants the U.S. president the authority to
expel any alien deemed dangerous. Opposed by President Thomas Jefferson,
the Alien Act expires under its own terms in 1800.
The Naturalization Act of 1798 raises the number of years, from 5 to
14, an immigrant has to live in the United States before becoming eligible
Almanac, Gale, 1997.