Events in Hispanic American History, 1601 – 1700
Santa Fe, New Mexico is founded.
A Pueblo Indian named Popé leads a rebellion that forces the
Spaniards and Christianized Indians out of northern New Mexico southward
toward El Paso, Texas.
The first royal mercedes
(land grants) are granted to
Spaniards in the fertile valleys of Monclova, in northern Mexico, just
south of the present border.
The first permanent Spanish settlement in Texas, San Francisco de
los Tejas, near the Nueces River, is established.
Texas is made a separate Spanish province with Don Domingo de Terán
as its governor.
Jesuit missionary Eusebio Kino makes the first inroads into Arizona. By
1700, Kino establishes a mission at San Xavier del Bac, near present-day
Tucson; he later establishes other missions in Arizona: Nuestra Señora de
los Dolores, Santa Gertrudis de Saric, San José de Imuris, Nuestra Señora
de los Remedios, and San Cayetano de Tumacácori.
The Spanish Crown orders the abandonment of its new province,
Texas, because of fear of Indian uprisings.
Concerns about possible French encroachment prompt the Spaniards to
reoccupy Texas in 1716 by establishing a series of missions, serving to
both ward off the French and convert the natives to Catholicism. Of these
missions, San Antonio, founded in 1718, is the most important and most
Almanac, Gale, 1997.